Agricultural soil ensures the production of food, fodder, fibre and biomass for renewable energy. It is therefore important to safeguard its fertility, which is the result of the combination and dynamic interaction of physical, chemical and biological properties in relation to plant productivity and soil conservation. The assessment of soil fertility and the direction of its change over time is the primary indicator of sustainable land management for agricultural enterprises.
Agriculture has as its commitment and objective the reduction of soil compaction and erosion through minimum tillage strategies while increasing crop productivity.
Every farmer knows his field, but soil fertility undergoes changes over time due to climate and human action. Digital technological innovations support farms by enabling them to monitor the organic matter supply of their soils. The adoption of all-in-one solutions is necessary to integrate within a single digital environment the data and information useful for operators in the field to make the right choices.
For example, monitoring the fertility of plots of land using Earth Observation, i.e. satellite sensors, makes it possible to understand the variability present in different areas of the plots: the identification of different homogeneous zones represents fundamental information for conducting soil sampling campaigns to optimise irrigation, sowing and fertilisation management.